Local History Contributions
This section of the website is to allow people to contribute their own stories about the history of Nannerch. The title of each story is shown below – click on the “+” sign to read the fully story and “-” to collapse it again. If you have a story to contribute, please email email@example.com.
So what’s the story of the cottage in Melin Y Wern?
By Gareth Williams, Llety’r Eos, Nannerch
It’s 20 years since we moved into Llety’r Eos and I’ve always wondered about the history of the house – who lived there, what did they do and how did it fit into the wider village. Here’s a brief summary of this history – which is still work in progress!
Solving a Mystery
Because I’m a history geek, understanding the background of the house came naturally. The house deeds in my possession only go back to the I950’s so I had to use the census returns to see who lived in the house and what they did.
I managed to find the house back in 1841 and then tracked its occupants every 10 years until 1911 (except for 1851 which seems to miss Llety’r Eos). But what about before 1841? Well, using the parish records of Nannerch, the earliest record of the house was the burial of an Elizabeth Foulkes of Lletty’r Eos on January 31st 1816.
However, during the census searches a mystery started to appear. Bearing in mind the original house that I recognise has 3 rooms, how was it that, in 1861 there were 14 people living in what appeared like 4 separate dwellings? And yet, by 1881 it was showing as two separate dwellings and finally ending up as one dwelling of 4 rooms in 1901. No matter how I tried to make sense of it (including trying to see signs of separate doors and windows in the stone work), I just couldn’t see there being 4 separate cottages accommodating 14 people.
It was then that a friend shared a link to the National Library of Wales’ tithe maps – completed in 1839. Matching some of the names from the 1841 census and overlaying today’s map with the 1839 tithe map, shows quite clearly that there were indeed three cottages making up Llety’r Eos – it also seems likely that the cottage on the corner of Denbigh Road (the bad bend) was the fourth. See what you think:
The tithe map image is upside down as this is how we would normally view it on a map. The road that is visible on the map is the current byway and the house shown next to 132 is likely to be the current Llety’r Eos. The cottage next to 146 is likely to be Hawthorne Cottage, the shaded area at 143a is listed as wood (likely to be the current wood / swamp at the bottom of today’s byway) and the cottage at 144 possibly Beck Cottage.
So, the reason for the disappearance of the other cottages? Well, it’s pretty straightforward: by 1869 the new railway line between Mold and Denbigh had been completed. It is likely that at least two of the original cottages were probably lost during the construction.
Finally, the only other key piece of information from the tithe map was who owned the property – it is listed, along with many others, as being owned by a Thomas Molyneux Williams, the then owner of Penbedw.
Inhabitants of Llety’r Eos
I’ve included below a table that shows the inhabitants of Llety’r Eos according to the census returns from 1841 to 1911 (1851 still evades me so I will include it when I get the chance!)
|Lletty’r Eos||Edward Jones||80||Labourer|
|Lletty’r Eos||John Jones||80||Labourer|
|Lletty’r Eos||John Williams||40||Shoemaker|
|Lletty’r Eos||Thomas Morris||70||Ag. Labourer|
|Lletty r Eos||John Jones||50||Stone Mason|
|Eleanor Jones||10||General Servant|
|Lletty r Eos||Joseph Mathews||31||Ag Lab|
|Lletty r Eos||Joseph Gittins||42||Ag Lab|
|Lletty r Eos||Jane Roberts||60||Pauper|
|Lletty r Eos||Edward Jones||56||Lead Miner|
|Robert Jones||15||Mason’s Labourer|
|Lletty’r Eos||John Jones||40||Mason|
|Lucy Jones||33||His Wife|
|Prudence Mary Jones||4mo|
|Lletty’r Eos||Jane Roberts||70|
|Lletty’r Eos||Mary Gitting||48||Widow|
|Lletty’r Eos||George Jones||59||Labourer|
|Jane Jones||2||Her dau|
|Jane Jones?||9mo||Her dau|
|Llettyr Eos||Robert Jones||54||Miner|
|Anne Jones||54||Miners Wife|
|Llettyr Eos||Ellin Roberts||32||Widow – Miner’s wife|
|Llety’r Eos (a)||Robert Jones||65||General Laborer|
|Llety’r Eos (b)||Peter Bellis||47||General Lab|
|Emma Bellis||16||Domestic Servant|
|Edward Cave||23||General Lab|
|Lletty’r Eos||Robert Jones||76||Agricultural Labourer|
|Lletty’r Eos||Peter Bellis||57|
|Emma Bellis||26||General Servant|
|Llettyr Eos||George Hughes||40||Carter on Farm Horse Worker|
|Hugh E. Hughes||12|
|George A. Hughes||8|
|Llety-r-Eos||Nason Le Gallais||31||Journeyman Joiner|
|Katie Le Gallais||34|
|Charles Edward Le Gallais||7|
|Francis Leo Le Gallais||2|
|1939||Special pre-war census|
|Frank M. Watkin||30||Auxiliary Postman and Farm Labourer|
|Mary D. Watkin||34||Unpaid domestic duties|
From 1911 to the Present Day
With the available census returns ending in 1911 it is difficult to piece together the history of the cottage to the present day. The only available information that I have is from the existing house deeds. The house was sold by Venetia Digby Buddicom of Penbedw in 1956 to an Arthur Ridgway who, strangely enough bought back the land occupied by the old railway in 1966, from the British Railways Board.
So that is it for now, I have other named owners of the house since the 1950’s but I’m very aware of naming them due to data protection as I can’t contact them for their permission.
Do you have any information?
If you have any information or photos of the house in the early years of its history, I would love to hear from you! Please email firstname.lastname@example.org.